"εἰ δὲ Σύρος, τί τὸ θαῦμα; μίαν, ξένε, πατρίδα κόσμον
ναίομεν: ἓν Θνατοὺς πάντας ἔτικτε Χάος.
And if I am Syrian, why is that a wonder? Stranger, we inhabit one
homeland, the world. One Chaos bore all mortals."
New tests on human bones hidden in a Spanish cave for some 400,000 years set a new record for the oldest human DNA sequence ever decoded—and may scramble the scientific picture of our early relatives.
Analysis of the bones challenges conventional thinking about the geographical spread of our ancient cousins, the early human species called Neanderthals and Denisovans. Until now, these sister families of early humans were thought to have resided in prehistoric Europe and Siberia, respectively.
From today’s sunset: Hecate’s Deipna- The end of the month, the Old and New- it is always sacred to the Goddess.
Khalkeia, “a festival at Athens, which some call Athenaia; but others [call it] Pandemos [Whole People], because it is observed by all.” “An ancient [sc. Athenian] festival popular long ago, but subsequently observed by the craftsmen only, because Hephaistos worked bronze in Attica. It is on the last day of the month Pyanepsion; the day when the priestesses, together with the arrephoroi, preserve the peplos.”
The festival is said to commemorate the discovery of the technai: honors to Hephaistos, Athena Archegetis, Athena Ergane and Athena Hephaistia.
The priestesses and the arrephoroi set the warp in the loom for the weawing of Athena’s sacred peplos.
(cf. Suda s.v. Chalkeia; Harp. s.v. Chalkeia; Etym. Magn. 805.43; Eust. Il. 2.552; Pollux 7.105; Hesych. s.v. Chalkeia; Soph. fr. 844; Agora XV 70.7, 78.16, 253.9; ARV2 553.31; Athen. 11.502)
“the thirtieth we celebrate in Hades because of Hecate” - ie , the thirtieth day of the month (if present, otherwise the 29th, which is, in any case, called ‘thirtieth’) is honored Hecate as it is the last day of the month and at the same time, we also honor the dead (in fact, in its calendar, Pletho dedicated the twenty-ninth day to Pluto). “The image of Hecate is erected and consecrated at the crossroads, and rites in honor of the dead have been made on the thirtieth day.”
The last day of the month must be also devoted to meditation and to the reconsideration of the work done during the month, as well as to the preparation for the new month to come. In any case, no one should undertake an important work during this last day. It is highly recommended to fast for the whole day (for example, this was the habit of Proklos).
(The creation of Anesidora (Pandora) by Athena and Hephaistos; Ca. 470—460 B.C. found in Nola, now in the British Museum…)
(Source: hellenismo, via classicsenthusiast)
"Thus the traditional interpretation of Parmenides’ philosophy is that he declared the world to be a deductive logical system, that our senses deceive us and that according to the Way of Truth, the world is completely static, unchanging and motionless, with nothing coming-into-being and nothing ceasing-to-be. In the figurative words of Friedrich Nietzsche, Parmenides presented the world as solidly frozen in ice."
After centuries of neglect, another important classical Greek monument, the theater of the city of Sparta, will be restored to its ancient splendor thanks to a joint project by the Greek ministry of culture and tourism, the Diazoma citizens’ movement to save ancient theaters, and the Stavros Niarchos Foundation.
The ministry’s Central Archeological Council has approved the restoration of the theater, one of the largest if not the largest in ancient Greece, to be carried out by a team of archeologists, architects, engineers, topographers and restorers led by architect Guglielmo Orestidis. Work is set to begin next year and will probably end in 2015, city authorities said.
Pausanias, the Greek traveler and geographer of the 2nd century AD, described the Sparta theater built in 30-20 BC entirely in local white marble, as ”made of white stone, and worthy of being seen”. With its 17,000-spectator capacity, Sparta’s theater surpassed the most famous of ancient theaters, that of the city of Epidaurus, which had capacity of 12,000.
I wasn’t aware of this ancient script!
The Ogham script recorded the earliest Old Irish texts dating between the 3rd and the 6th century CE. Ogham inscriptions are found exclusively in Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Mostly they are genealogical inscriptions in the form of “X son of Y” on corners of large stone slabs. After the 6th century CE, Old Irish was written with the Roman alphabet, and Ogham disappeared from general but the knowledge must have been preserved in some form because our knowledge of Ogham comes from the chapter Auraicept na n-Éces in the 15th-century work The Book of Ballymote (Leabhar Bhaile an Mhóta), which also contains geneologies, mythologies, and histories of Ireland.
Various opinions exist on the exact origin of ogham. Some claim that it stemmed from a cryptic way of writing runes, some say that it was inspired from the Roman alphabet, and yet others hold that it was independently invented.
The Ogham letters are divided into four groups, each containing five letters. This yields a total of 20 Ogham letters.
Pyrrho was diverted to philosophy as a younger man and would spend years traveling the known world. Finding his way into the company of Alexander The Great, Pyrrho went so far as to travel to India and Persia, learning from the various magi and philosophers he encountered along the way. Pyrrho’s delve into the eastern world would come to be very important when the time came for the philosopher to develop his own teachings. Pyrrhonism, as it would come to be called, was highly influenced by eastern philosophy and would emphasize finding inner peace through an educated form of blissful ignorance.